Why?

limate change is a huge challenge and the defining issue of our time. The consequences of global warming are becoming increasingly tangible and the pressure on politicians and companies is growing.

There is now a global consensus that we urgently need to counter man-made climate change. Success in reducing emissions depends to a large extent on voluntary and consistent action by industry in the industrialized countries. Thus, we at Hansa Klimasysteme are also prepared to take responsibility for the world we leave to our children and grandchildren.

Greenhouse gases are distributed evenly in the atmosphere. Therefore, it makes sense to avoid emissions where the costs are lowest. In addition, projects in emerging and developing countries help to improve the economic, social and ecological situation and support the realization of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. For emerging and developing countries, emissions trading is a key driver for the transfer of clean technologies and sustainable economic development.

The greenhouse gas balance prepared by Fokus Zukunft provides a transparent overview of the greenhouse gas emissions of our company and our products. The report thus forms an important building block in our climate protection commitment. We are now deriving concrete savings measures at site level and in our supply chain on the basis of the key figures determined. To complement this, we have offset the greenhouse gas emissions caused by operational and product-related activities by purchasing a total of 5,970 climate protection certificates for September 2020 to August 2021. With these certificates, we support a sustainable reforestation project in Uruguay, awarded the Verified Carbon Standard, and a hydropower project in Uganda, certified under the sovereignty of the United Nations.

Why is our company committed to global climate protection?

The global community has agreed that global warming must be limited to below 2 degrees Celsius - or better yet, 1.5 degrees - to prevent catastrophic consequences. But current pledges by individual countries are only sufficient to limit warming to a maximum of 4 degrees. Closing this ambition gap will require an additional and significant commitment from businesses, as well as citizens. We have recognized that voluntary emission reductions and the offsetting of unavoidable emissions are essential to effectively counteract climate change. That is why we have decided to neutralize our CO2 emissions and thus want to make a contribution to a future worth living. Because we don't just want to analyze the problems, we want to tackle and solve them.

What is a CO2 footprint or a carbon footprint?

The carbon footprint is the measure of the amount of greenhouse gases (measured in CO₂ equivalents) produced directly and indirectly, by an activity of an individual, a company, an organization or a product. It includes the resulting emissions from raw materials, production, transport, trade, use, recycling and disposal. The basic idea of the CO2 footprint or carbon footprint is therefore to create a basis on which influences on the climate can be measured, evaluated and compared. In this way, necessary reduction potentials can be identified, measures can be developed and their effectiveness can be evaluated. The corporate carbon footprint is the CO2 footprint of a company and the product carbon footprint is the CO2 footprint of a product.

What does carbon neutrality mean?

According to the principle of the "Clean Development Mechanism" described in the Kyoto Protocol, greenhouse gases that are produced in one place on earth and cannot be avoided should be saved by climate protection projects in another place. To finance these, companies buy certificates of corresponding climate protection projects from the six available project sectors (biomass, cooking stoves, solar energy, forest protection, hydropower and wind energy). Each certificate represents 1 ton of CO2 saved by the respective project. There are numerous climate protection projects worldwide, most of which support renewable energy projects. The initiators of these projects receive emission credits for their commitment, which can be traded in the form of climate protection certificates. The amount is measured, for example, by comparing it with the emissions that would have resulted from the construction of a coal-fired power plant.

How was the amount of CO2 emissions calculated by our company?

We commissioned the external sustainability consultancy Fokus Zukunft to calculate the footprint of our company and our products. The emissions footprint was calculated using the Corporate Standard of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol. A cradle-to-gate approach was chosen as the system boundary for determining product-related emissions and takes into account emissions from the suppliers' upstream chain.

What is reported under the Greenhouse Gas Protocol?

Emissions are divided within the Greenhouse Gas Protocol according to Scopes 1, 2 and 3, each of which includes different types of greenhouse gas emissions. Scope 1 includes direct emissions from owned energy facilities. Scope 2 includes emissions that occur indirectly in the provision of energy to the company. Scope 3 emissions are further indirect emissions that occur throughout the value chain.

Which greenhouse gases are included in the calculation?

The seven main greenhouse gases defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Kyoto Protocol - carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) - are included in the calculation of greenhouse gas emissions.

What are CO2 equivalents?

Not each of the seven major greenhouse gases is equally effective. For example, methane is 21 times more damaging to the climate than CO2, nitrous oxide 310 times, and sulfur hexafluoride as much as 14,000 times. To compare emissions, all greenhouse gases are therefore converted to CO2. This is then referred to as CO2 equivalents.

How are the collected consumption data converted into greenhouse gas emissions?

The conversion of the collected consumption data (such as electricity consumption or fuel consumption) is done using emission factors, which indicate the emissions per unit (e.g. per kilowatt hour of electricity or liter of gasoline). The emission factors come mainly from DEFRA (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs), but also from the GEMIS database (Global Emissions Model of Integrated Systems, IINAS) and the Ecoinvent database, and are updated regularly.

How are emission certificates generated?

The initiators of the climate protection projects - mainly renewable energy projects - receive emission credits for their commitment, which can be traded in the form of climate protection certificates. The amount of the emissions offset is measured, for example, by comparing it with the emissions that would have resulted from building a coal-fired power plant instead of generating renewable electricity.

What quality criteria do the climate protection projects meet?

The climate protection projects we purchase are each accredited, approved and monitored according to one of the three internationally recognized certification standards - VCS (Verified Carbon Standard), UN CER (Certified Emission Reduction of the United Nations) or the Gold Standard developed by WWF. The validation of the project results, in terms of CO2 savings achieved, is certified by independent testing bodies, such as TÜV.

What happens to the CO2 certificates after they have been purchased?

The purchased number of CO2 certificates have been decommissioned. This is significant in that this decommissioning is a prerequisite for the design and marketing of CO2-neutral companies and/or products. Without decommissioning, a CO2 certificate could continue to be traded in the voluntary market if necessary, which would not result in any additional emissions reduction.

Which projects are supported by the purchased certificates?

With a total of 950 certificates, we support a reforestation project in Uruguay, certified with the Verified Carbon Standard, and a hydropower project in Uganda, certified with the UN CER. The detailed project descriptions can be found at: https: //www.fokus-zukunft.com/klimaschutzprojekte.html

Why are international projects supported?

Climate change is global, so it doesn't matter where CO2 emissions are emitted or saved; in the end, it's the total amount of greenhouse gases that matters. In Germany, reducing or offsetting CO2 is very expensive, whereas in emerging and developing countries, offsetting is less expensive. The Kyoto Protocol, which is binding under international law, therefore stipulates that so-called climate protection projects that avoid or store greenhouse gas emissions should take place where they are most economical. Accordingly, there are many projects in newly industrializing and developing countries, since the potential for savings through new technologies is still very high here and these can be used much more cost-effectively. In addition, the conditions for renewable energy systems (solar, wind, hydro and biomass) are often much more favorable there. In addition, the projects in emerging and developing countries help to improve the economic, social and ecological situation and support the realization of the United Nations' sustainability goals. For emerging and developing countries, emissions trading is a key driver for the transfer of clean technologies and sustainable economic development.